Indian Standards and Global Standards Steels Purposes of General Engineering
Indian standards, one of the most important industries in India is the steel industries. India has replaced Japan as the second biggest steel producing country in the beginning of 2019. As per world steel, the production of crude steel in India in 2018 was around 106.5 MT. Majority of steel in India was from iron ore.
This sector is organized by policies made by the Indian Ministry of Steel. They have concern on planning and coordinating the development and the growth of the steel industry which both in the sectors of public and private. The Indian Ministry of Steel also formulate policies in regards of pricing, production, distribution, export and import of steel. They also involve in policies formulation for manganese ore, refractories, iron ore and other required mainly by the industry of steel.
Steel contains of carbon and iron. Steel is the amount of the alloys which determine each grade properties and the carbon. Steels types can be categorized by some different factors such as alloy, carbon range, stainless and composition. Meanwhile, the production method is electric furnace, continuous cast, and others.
Indian Ministry of Steel Policies
There are some standard institutions around the world that develop the steel grades for their classification. Based on their physical properties and composition. For India context, in its history in the past, the standard institution that involved in this classification is the Indian Standards Institution. The Indian Standards Institution on July 15, 1965 adopted the Indian Standard for wrought steels for purposes of general engineering after the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee finalized the draft and it already get approval from the Structural and Metals Division Council.
IS1 has received several requests for making document that can give Indian Standard for steel which is equivalent for steels standard of other countries. It was likely to publish IS: 1570-1961 for wrought steels for common engineering purposes because of further discussions and intensive study with key users and important manufacturers of steel in India. This research includes the United States (ASM, AISI and SAE), the United Kingdom, India, and Germany (Werkstoff and DIN).
In addition, it also includes Russian and Japanese standards of wrought steels. This standardization also represents the British, German, American, Russian, and Japanese specifications. For this standard, there were many considerable assistances from many actors. For example, the assistance was from Shri S. Barraclo & gh, Research and Development Department, United Steel Companies Ltd, Sheffield (UK). This assistance was available through Colombo Plan Council to the Indian Standards Institution. This Colombo Plan Council is for technical cooperation in South East and South Asia.